A weakened investment performance suggests that confidence in the rural land market in the UK is cooling after years of great returns.
The IPD UK annual rural property index shows that total return recorded in 2015 was 5.5%, down from the 10.4% recorded in 2014.
It is the most subdued return since 2008 and reflected a market cooling after several years of very robust returns in line with other investment classes. Sentiment was tempered by weakening commodity prices, and more recently by political discussions around Britain exiting the European Union.
The report says that this caution around future market uncertainty was most reflected in rural land capital growth, which slowed to 4.1% in 2015 from 8.9% in 2014. This marked the lowest growth since 2008 when values depreciated. The decrease in the rate of capital growth contributed the most to the decline in the total return.
The restraint in capital value growth was most pronounced in South East, where growth declined to 5.8% from 17.9% in 2014. There was also significant moderation in capital value growth across Eastern England, East Midlands, and Yorkshire and Humberside regions. Northern England and Scotland recorded the slowest value growth at 1.1%.
Rural income return, however, held relatively steady at 1.3% compared to 1.4% in 2014, the figures in the annual index also show.
‘The weakened investment performance suggests confidence in the land market is cooling down after years of great returns,’ said Colm Lauder, MSCI vice president.
‘Moreover, the uncertainty created by discussion over Brexit and the potential effect of such a move on agri-food exports hit the confidence of farmers to increase rental holdings or invest further,’ he explained.
He added that investors were concerned that it will be some time before there is a clear picture for the agricultural economy.
MSCI also recorded a total return of 10.8% in 2015 in the IPD UK Annual Forestry Index, which marked a decline from a total return of 18.6% in 2014, the most subdued return since 2008.
The index report points out that the decline is despite healthy demand for timber and wood products. However, a strengthened pound sterling versus euro and Scandinavian currencies put British wood products at a disadvantage in export markets.
And it explains that British timber is heavily dependent on the exchange rate value of the pound. The significant gap between Euro and Swedish Krona denominated import prices and home grown prices denominated in the British pound narrowed significantly, which rendered Scandinavian exported sawn timber more competitive in 2015.
Consequently, imports from mainland Europe rose at the expense of UK timber growers, whose timber sale returns in turn declined due to weakening saw-log prices. Subsequently the medium term run of forestry property price returns were impacted as investors and analysts made the adjustment.
‘The total return from UK Forestry of almost 11% is comparatively strong in the context of other assets classes and indeed compared to UK rural land, forestry continues to be an effective land based asset to provide an alternative home for cash deposits in times of low interest rates and a good mechanism to hedge against volatility and inflation,’ said Lauder.
‘Additionally, in times of political and economic uncertainty, the hedging nature of rural and forestry is likely to pique interest in the sector,’ he pointed out.
The IPD UK Annual Forest Index tracked the performance of 123 properties across England, Scotland, and Wales.